Traveling with Bitcoin to Hammershus Castle Ruins.
Erected in 1200 by the archbishop of Lund and the Danish church, Hammershus played an important part in the struggles and wars which took place in the middle ages in Europe.
It was deserted in 1745 and allowed to fall into decay. The people of Bornholm were free to gather building materials from the site until 1822, when the ruins were put on the national historic register.
Today it is Bornholm’s largest attraction and a must-see if you visit the island. The fortress is open all year and has no entrance fee.
The largest castle ruin in Northern Europe
Experience the largest castle ruin in Northern Europe and the most popular attraction on Bornholm — a place to fire the imagination and bring the history of Bornholm to life. The oldest part of the fortress was probably built in the early 12th century to consolidate control of the island by the Archbishop of Lund (which was then part of Denmark), which he had acquired through a treaty with King Svend III Grathe of Denmark.
Quite new research and excavations from 2015 however seem to prove the fact that the castle first was ready around the year 1300, and should have been built by Jens Grand — archbishop in Lund from 1289–1302.
For the next 500 years Hammershus was the stronghold of the island’s various rulers. Hammershus was rebuilt and extended on several occasions.
Until the mid-15th century, the Crown and church were fighting. Bornholm remained an important pawn in the game, with the king taking Hammershus, and with it control of Bornholm, several times. Every time, though, the island was handed back to the archiepiscopal see, for the last time by King Valdemar IV Atterdag in 1362. This time, however, the bishop recognized the right of the Crown to demand the return of Hammershus when the king wished. But it was not until 1522 that King Christian II exercised this right and asked for the castle to be handed back.
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