Main landmark of Barcelona - Plaza España
Plaza de España is one of the most significant in Barcelona. It is the largest square in Barcelona the second largest in Spain after the square of the same name in Madrid. The square of Spain, which has been built for the Universal Exposition of 1929 and since then has been one of the main landmarks in Barcelona, around which many of the most important attractions and venues can be found. It’s also well connected, featuring several metro lines, train lines, and bus lines (including the Aerobus from Barcelona airport).
The design of the buildings that adorn the square of Spain was designed by Nicolau Maria Rubio and Tuduri. On both sides, it is framed by Venetian 47-meter towers that make this place visible from afar. Lately the dictator Primo de Rivera came to office and they were removed from the project due to their political ideas. In the end, it was Antoni Darder i Marsa who completed the project in 1926, the square was named "Plaça d’Espanya" to emphasize the Spain rather than Catalonia.
Several hotels were built around the square to accommodation attendees of the Universal Exposition, though none remain except one building that is now a public school, and the Municipal Institute of Education. There is a light-music Magic Fountain with large baroque columns right in the center of the plaza which has become the main attraction of the Plaza of Spain. It was built in the same 1929. It was possible to restore the fountain relatively recently, but it has already won love and popularity among tourists. This work was created by Josep Maria Jujol and is influenced by Saint Peter's Square at the Vatican. It is a symbolic work that represents the importance of the sea and rivers in Spain, as well as religious and heroic.
The Venetian Towers by Plaza de España are inspired by Saint Mark's Campanile in Venice. They are the work of Ramon Reventós and mark the entrance to Avenida Maria Cristina. It's still a hub for expositions. It is home to one of the building of the Fira de Barcelona buildings, which hosts some of the most important expositions and conventions in Europe. The Las Arenas Shopping Centre, used to be a disused bullfighting ring, but it has been remodeled into a shopping center, with top brands, restaurants, and a cinema. It opened to the public in 2011.
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